1 – La Ciudad Perdida, Colombia
Literally meaning, “The Lost City,” La Cuidad Perdida is at least six centuries older than Machu Picchu. Located in the heart of the jungle near the Colombian coast, the city was once called Teyuna, and acted as the heart of the Tayrona civilization.
Reclaimed by the jungle after their demise, Teyuna remained forgotten until treasure hunters discovered it in 1972, and tours began in 2005.
Largely unknown, this is a gold mine for the adventurer hoping to avoid the crowds at Macchu Picchu. Guided hiking tours up to the city offer the chance to bathe in the Fountain of Youth located near the site.
2 – Pompeii and Herculaneum, Italy
Most know about the tragedy that befell these two Roman resort cities in 79 AD when Mt. Vesuvius erupted and buried them in ash. In Pompeii, people, animals and possessions remain perfectly preserved; in nearby Herculaneum, which was evacuated in time but buried more heavily in ash, artifacts like paintings and even food remain intact. The result is an eerie time capsule of a moment in civilization.
The many Lupanar – as they called it Romans (a prostitute was called lupa) – of Pompeii consisted in poky cubicles, with some explicit erotic paintings and a lot of graffiti from satisfied customers. A mattress on a brick platform served as a bed. It is believed that Pompeii featured 35 Lupanar.